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Sunday, September 22, 2013

Worship and Encountering the Divine, Part Two

Go to Part Three...

…Worship and Encountering the Divine…

Part Two

..The Creed of Yeshua..

Matthew 22:35-40
35           One of them, 1aa lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him,
36           “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?”
37           And He said to him, “ ‘aYou shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.
38           This is the great and 1foremost commandment.
39           The second is like it, ‘aYou shall love your neighbor as yourself.’
40           aOn these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets.” [1]

Mark 12:28-34
28 aOne of the scribes came and heard them arguing, and brecognizing that He had answered them well, asked Him, “What commandment is the 1foremost of all?”
29 Jesus answered, “The foremost is, ‘aHear, O Israel! The Lord our God is one Lord;
30 aand you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.’
31 The second is this, ‘aYou shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”
32 The scribe said to Him, “Right, Teacher; You have truly stated that aHe is One, and there is no one else besides Him;
33 aand to love Him with all the heart and with all the understanding and with all the strength, and to love one’s neighbor as himself, bis much more than all burnt offerings and sacrifices.”
34 When Jesus saw that he had answered intelligently, He said to him,
You are not far from the kingdom of God.”
aAfter that, no one would venture to ask Him any more questions. [2]

                In Part One of this series, we took a look at worship, with all it’s different meanings and nuances. A bit technical maybe, some will probably complain that it was too long, or maybe I lost you in a few paragraphs… oh well.

                My purpose, my calling is to open you up to a different way of looking at Scripture; not through the lens of the 21st century, but of the lens of the language and customs of the 1st century, of our Messiah’s times. Now, that in itself would take us days or weeks to fully explore; but without at least a rudimentary understanding of the times, language, culture and customs of the writers of the Tanach (Old Testament, but I prefer calling it the Original Covenant) and the  B’rit Hadashah  (New Testament or more correctly the Renewed Covenant, and doesn't that definition cause some folks heart-burn..), we are at a disadvantage when it comes to the correct interpretation of Scripture.

                To be sure, there are a lot of sites out there just waiting to “debunk” the Hebraic Roots movement. Depending on how you word the question into a search engine, you can come up with between 2,000 and 20,000 responses, some for, a whole lot against, and the rest asking questions. But to be fair, type in “Christian denominations”… on Google® you will get about 2,570,000 results.


Figure 1 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Syriac_Christian_Churches.svg/800px-Syriac_Christian_Churches.svg.png

Figure 2 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b2/Historical_Branches_and_Sects_of_Christianity.png/800px-Historical_Branches_and_Sects_of_Christianity.png

Figure 3 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3c/Protestant_branches.svg/800px-Protestant_branches.svg.png


Now we could also list the major denominations, but a list of some 33,000 plus[3] denominations is out of our scope here. The point I am trying to get at here is we have as once quoted in a popular movie starring Paul Newman: “…What we got here is failure to communicate…” [4]
In Christianity there are about 22,000 Independent denominations; about 9,000 or so Protestant denominations; “Marginals” (those including Jehovah’s Witnesses, Mormons, ect.) make up about 1600 denominations; those with the “Orthodox” label total around 781 denominations while those that call themselves Roman Catholic include around 241 different denominations! Add up the Anglicans and whatever little splinter groups you can find and the numbers are staggering. [5] There is by one count 44,689 different Christian denominations in the world today. [6]

You can go to any number of websites and find similar statistics, but I think you get my point: you have approximately 44,689 denominations all with their own spin on Scripture, and probably very few of them with a favorable view of the Hebraic Roots movement. While this may seem as an unfair generalization, for those of you who have access to the world wide web, just go look. You will find website after website denouncing the Hebraic Roots movement as cults at best, and teachers of the doctrines of demons at worst, with all kinds of opinions in between. To be sure, the Messianic movement has some “Messy-anic” elements to it; some might say we are our own worst enemies. We have the  “One Law” proponents[7], the “One House” group [8], “Two House” [9], lions and tigers and bears oh my…

My take is this: unity, what unity?

Matthew 16:13-21
13 aNow when Jesus came into the district of bCaesarea Philippi, He was asking His disciples, “Who do people say that cthe Son of Man is?”
14 And they said, “Some say aJohn the Baptist; and others, 1bElijah; but still others, 2Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.”
15 He *said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
16 Simon Peter answered, “You are 1athe Christ, bthe Son of cthe living God.”
17 And Jesus said to him, “Blessed are you, aSimon 1Barjona, because bflesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but My Father who is in heaven.
18 “I also say to you that you are 1aPeter, and upon this 2rock I will build My church; and the gates of bHades will not overpower it.
19 “I will give you athe keys of the kingdom of heaven; and bwhatever you bind on earth 1shall have been bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth 2shall have been loosed in heaven.”
20 aThen He 1warned the disciples that they should tell no one that He was 2bthe Christ. [10]

Ephesians 4:4-6
4 There is aone body and one Spirit, just as also you were called in one bhope of your calling;
5 aone Lord, one faith, one baptism,
6 one God and Father of all awho is over all and through all and in all. [11]

John 17 (NIV)

17 After Jesus said this, he looked toward heavenh and prayed:
“Father, the hour has come.i Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you.j For you granted him authority over all peoplek that he might give eternal lifel to all those you have given him.m Now this is eternal life: that they know you,n the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.o I have brought you gloryp on earth by finishing the work you gave me to do.q And now, Father, glorify mer in your presence with the glory I had with yous before the world began.t
“I have revealed youa u to those whom you gave mev out of the world. They were yours; you gave them to me and they have obeyed your word. Now they know that everything you have given me comes from you. For I gave them the words you gave mew and they accepted them. They knew with certainty that I came from you,x and they believed that you sent me.y I pray for them.z I am not praying for the world, but for those you have given me,a for they are yours. 10 All I have is yours, and all you have is mine.b And glory has come to me through them. 11 I will remain in the world no longer, but they are still in the world,c and I am coming to you.d Holy Father, protect them by the power ofb your name, the name you gave me, so that they may be onee as we are one.f 12 While I was with them, I protected them and kept them safe byc that name you gave me. None has been lostg except the one doomed to destructionh so that Scripture would be fulfilled.i
13 “I am coming to you now,j but I say these things while I am still in the world, so that they may have the full measure of my joyk within them. 14 I have given them your word and the world has hated them,l for they are not of the world any more than I am of the world.m 15 My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one.n 16 They are not of the world, even as I am not of it.o 17 Sanctify them byd the truth; your word is truth.p 18 As you sent me into the world,q I have sent them into the world.r 19 For them I sanctify myself, that they too may be truly sanctified.s
20 “My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, 21 that all of them may be one,t Father, just as you are in me and I am in you.u May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me.v 22 I have given them the glory that you gave me,w that they may be one as we are onex23 I in them and you in me—so that they may be brought to complete unity. Then the world will know that you sent mey and have loved themz even as you have loved me.
24 “Father, I want those you have given mea to be with me where I am,b and to see my glory,c the glory you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world.d
25 “Righteous Father, though the world does not know you,e I know you, and they know that you have sent me.f 26 I have made youe known to them,g and will continue to make you known in order that the love you have for me may be in themh and that I myself may be in them.” [12]

                There is a consistent theme associated with these Scripture passages, and the theme outlines for us the unity that Messiah sought for His bride, His “church”[13]. It involves the creed of Jesus, the founding truth of our Messiah.

                First, I have to stand on my soapbox for just a minute. This post is more than likely going to have to be split up; I know that some of these posts get into technical language studies, some are long and who knows who gets through a whole post. Maybe I’m just writing for myself, and there is no one who reads and ponders the words I have penned.. Does this bother me? No, for I’ll tell you why. I am not out to convert anyone to my way of thinking or my belief system in the One True God and His Messiah. I am not out to convert Christians into Messianics, or to convince Jews Yeshua is the Messiah, or to challenge anyone on what they hold as truth. That is not my call, or my job. The act of salvation and sanctification is the providence of God Almighty alone, it does not rest in men like me or any other. All I can do is present what I believe to be truth to you dear reader; it is up to you to ponder it, test my words against the plain meaning of Scripture, as admonished in Romans 12:2, and again in 1 John 4:1. I am teachable and correctable, as long as reproof comes from Scripture and the Scriptures used are not used to distort and twist the context in which they are found. The Word of God is not a menu, letting us pick and choose from it as we please. It has to be taken as a whole, and examined carefully, not “cherry-picking” our way through it so that we can justify our pet doctrines and beliefs. To do so is to manipulate the Word; when taken in context, you cannot manipulate the word and make it say whatever you want it to say. That is why I present so much Scripture in my examples, so as to retain the context and the proper understanding of God’s intent as He instructed His trusted messengers to record His Holy Writ. That being said, this is why I have such a problem with all these different sites that bash and denigrate the Hebraic Roots movement. A careful examination of the various site reveals a pattern of “cherry-picking” Scripture, a little Paul here, a little Paul there; throw in some Peter and John and shake well.. What you usually end up with then is a hodge-podge of Scriptural references all taken out of their proper context and then used to justify and “prove” that those of us who believe in the WHOLE word of God are in fact as stated in 1 Timothy 4:1-2:

1 Timothy 4:1-2
1Now the Spirit says clearly that in the last times some people will abandon the faith by following deceitful spirits, the teachings of demons,1 2and the hypocrisy of liars, whose consciences have been burned by a hot iron.2 [14]

                Does this make sense? Does it seem right to anyone who has a mind to reason that because a person holds that God’s word is truth (Psalm 119:160, Psalms 19:9, John 17:17, 1 John 2:27), that they believe that God’s whole word is light (Psalm 119:105, Proverbs 6:23, John 8:12, John 9:5, 1 John 1:5), that it is pure and perfect (Psalm 19:7-8), that it is the way (Psalms 119:25-40, Psalm 1, John 14:6), that in it is life (Psalm 19:7, Psalm 16, Psalm 23, Psalm 119:1, Proverbs 3, Matthew 7:13-14, Matthew 19:17, Mark 10:17-31, John 3:36, John 5:18-47, John 6:26-65), that through the shed blood of Yeshua and obedience to the word we find salvation (1John 1:1-7, 1 John 2:1-6, 1 John 3), can anyone with a mind and a heart to reason say that we who believe these things follow deceitful spirits and the teachings of demons?

                When did God’s word, the holy word become the teaching of demons? Before anyone can say I’m “cherry-picking”, any single scriptural verse I give you it must be understood that I expect you as one who should be schooled in the proper way of reading Scripture to hold that verse in its proper context: read 5 above and 5 below that verse, or 10 above and 10 below! But read it in its context, understand what you read. The Epistles of the Apostles were written as letters, not as chapters and verses, they were written to be read in their entirety, and understood in that context. When you do so, you cannot manipulate the words to fit your “bent” on the Word; you have to accept the Word as it is intended. In 1 John 3:8 the Apostle states:

1 John 3:8 (ISV)
8The person who practices sin belongs to the evil one, because the devil has been sinning since the beginning. The reason that the Son of God was revealed was to destroy the works of the devil.8[15]

                When did the word of God become the work of the devil? Those that say the Torah (Law) of God is done away with make our Messiah out to be a liar, and that God is unable to keep His own word, that somehow in those believers that hold to the commandments of God and the testimony of Yeshua are walking in the doctrines of demons and the hypocrisy of liars. If that is the case, then Jesus is a liar Himself for He said:

Matthew 5:17-19
17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.[16]

                Heaven and earth are still with us, and all is not yet fulfilled. So does Jesus teach the doctrines of demons and the hypocrisy of liars? When did God become a liar?

Psalm 138:1-2
1 I will praise thee with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing praise unto thee. 2 I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth:
 for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.[17]
“…The Psalmist asks Ps 119:9 “How can a young man cleanse his way? He answers, “By taking heed according to Your Word. Just a few more verses later v:11 “Your word I have hidden in my heart, That I might not sin against You.” God's word keeps us from sin and keeps us on his path, as the Word  is a lamp to our feet and a light to our path (Ps.119:105) in a dark world. Ps. 43:3 “Oh, send out Your light and Your truth! Let them lead me”. As one reads the  psalms one grasps the importance of the Word to the people of Israel, especially the leaders. To disregard God’s Word that is holy, pure and absolutely true is to defame God’s name and character. It is to bring ruin upon our walk. So it becomes the main focus point in our daily walk with Christ…”[18]

                Can we truly say our Messiah lies? Or that God lies? Many have made the mistake of thinking that the way that the traditional church has interpreted the word is the only way to interpret it. When man elevates the way he thinks Scripture should be interpreted over the way that the  Scriptures themselves  plainly show us, it is done at our own folly. Isaiah 66:2 tells us:

Isaiah 66:2 (NASB95)
2     “For aMy hand made all these things,
Thus all these things came into being,” declares the Lord.
“But to this one I will look,
To him who is humble and bcontrite of spirit, and who ctrembles at My word. [19]

There are those who are quick to condemn God’s own words, His commandments as “leagalism” or “bondage”. Do these “…tremble at the commandment of our God (Ezra 10:3)…” as did the priests and leaders of Israel in the days of Ezra? Can we do as “the Preacher” says to do in Ecclesiates 12…

9) In addition to being a wise man, the Preacher also taught the people knowledge; and he pondered, searched out and arranged amany proverbs.
10) The Preacher sought to find adelightful words and to write bwords of truth correctly. 11     The awords of wise men are like bgoads, and masters of these collections are like 1well-driven cnails; they are given by one Shepherd.
12) But beyond this, my son, be warned: the 1writing of amany books is endless, and excessive bdevotion to books is wearying to the body.
13) The conclusion, when all has been heard, is: afear God and bkeep His commandments,
because this applies to cevery person.
14) For aGod will bring every act to judgment, everything which is hidden, whether it is good or evil. [20]

                What is our proper attitude to God and His word? Is it one of thankfulness, of gladness that in His infinite wisdom He has provided for us a model and a blueprint of how to walk holy with Him, how to love our Messiah and our fellow man? Or do we approach His word with scorn, distaining that which He lay before us in order for us to keep what we only feel is appropriate in our lives? Yeshua/Jesus is our model of a life that was spent in obedience to God the Father and His word. Why do we treat His (Messiah’s) words as if Paul’s or the other disciples’ words carry more weight than what He said?  O man, justify this before God! I would rather keep and follow all the word of God and be told at the end that it wasn’t necessary than stand before a Holy, Terrible God and be asked why I discounted  His word, why I held it in disdain. Why is there the need to disrespect God and His written word for words and interpretations penned by men? Why are those who hold His word in contempt deny the lead of the Spirit to bring them into the knowledge of the truth? My heart is saddened, but I pray that all of us will heed the words of God and not bash one another, but come together in unity as one body, loving the Father and His Son, Yeshua (or Jesus if you prefer…) as it is written…

As I said, this will either be a long post or one that need to be continued, so…
Let us meet again to continue our discussion.

…May The Lord richly bless you my beloved, Amein…


1 I.e. an expert in the Mosaic Law
a Luke 7:30; 10:25; 11:45, 46, 52; 14:3; Titus 3:13
a Deut 6:5
1 Or first
a Lev 19:18; Matt 19:19; Gal 5:14
a Matt 7:12
[1] New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). LaHabra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.
a Mark 12:28–34: Matt 22:34–40; Luke 10:25–28; 20:39f
b Matt 22:34; Luke 20:39
1 Or first
a Deut 6:4
a Deut 6:5
a Lev 19:18
a Deut 4:35
a Deut 6:5
b 1 Sam 15:22; Hos 6:6; Mic 6:6–8; Matt 9:13; 12:7
a Matt 22:46
[2] New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). LaHabra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.
[3] Denominations. A denomination is defined in this Encyclopedia as an organized aggregate of worship centers or congregations of similar ecclesiastical tradition within a specific country; i.e. as an organized Christian church or tradition or religious group or community of believers, within a specific country, whose component congregations and members are called by the same denominational name in different areas, regarding themselves as one autonomous Christian church distinct from other denominations, churches and traditions. As defined here, world Christianity consists of 6 major ecclesiastico-cultural blocs, divided into 300 major ecclesiastical traditions, composed of over 33,000 distinct denominations in 238 countries, these denominations themselves being composed of over 3,400,000 worship centers, churches or congregations.” (Barrett et al, volume 1, page 16, Table 1-5, emphasis added) From the World Christian Encyclopedia : a comparative survey of churches and religions in the modern world, by David B. Barrett, George T. Kurian, Todd M. Johnson, 2nd ed. Published by Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2001.
[4] The phrase "What we've got here is failure to communicate" is a quotation from the 1967 film Cool Hand Luke, spoken at different points in the movie first by Strother Martin (as the Captain, a prison warden) and later Paul Newman (as Luke, a young prisoner). From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_we've_got_here_is_(a)_failure_to_communicate.
[5] From the article “…The Facts and Stats on "33,000 Denominations" The 20,000 30,000 numbers and David Barrett's statistics Part II…” at http://www.philvaz.com/apologetics/a106.htm
[6] http://www.philvaz.com/apologetics/a106.htm ; website described as “...a personal web site from Phil Porvaznik containing many discussions, debates, and articles on Catholic ApologeticsPhilosophy,Spirituality and Conversion Stories…”
[7] [Note: In identifying these different factions, to be honest with you my readers, I’ll let you know if I have any theological leanings toward the basic premises of the different groups or not..] Those that believe God’s Torah is the privilege and obligation of all His people, Jew and non-Jew alike. I probably identify myself more with this basic tenant than with any other, though my walk or halakah is based upon the interpretation of the Torah as expressed by Yeshua and His disciples and not necessarily those espoused by rabbinical sources. Where the two agree, I agree.
[8] Those that believe that God is calling forth His people as one family (whether Jew or Gentile) being reunited and restored  as the house of Israel. (Eph 2:11-22) [Note: again, part of my theology agrees with this basic premise.]
[9] “…Generally speaking, the so-called “Two House Theory” (sometimes called the “Ephraimite Movement”) thinks that Christians are actually members of the “lost tribes” of Israel (Ephraim is used as a synonym for the Northern Kingdom of Israel that was taken into captivity in 722 BC). Based on readings from the prophets Ezekiel (Ezek. 37:15-28) and Jeremiah (Jer. 31:31), this doctrine maintains that one day the lost tribes (i.e., the church) will be reunited with the “house” of Judah (i.e., the Jewish people) under the terms of the New Covenant…” From “Hebrew for Christians” by John J. Parsons at www.hebrew4christians.com article “Two House Theology: Are Christians the “lost tribes” of Israel?” [Note: No offense to my “Two House” brethren, but my identity revolves around my Messiah, not with the “lost tribes”. This is my take and I mean to disparage no one for their belief system, Messianic or Christian, for if we can unite on one theme and that is our love and respect for the Savior of Israel and of all mankind, Yeshua the Messiah, then maybe we can end this “failure to communicate” at last and unite as one..”
a Matt 16:13–16: Mark 8:27–29; Luke 9:18–20
b Mark 8:27
c Matt 8:20; 16:27, 28
a Matt 14:2
1 Gr Elias
b Matt 17:10; Mark 6:15; Luke 9:8; John 1:21
2 Gr Jeremias
* A star (*) is used to mark verbs that are historical presents in the Greek which have been translated with an English past tense in order to conform to modern usage. The translators recognized that in some contexts the present tense seems more unexpected and unjustified to the English reader than a past tense would have been. But Greek authors frequently used the present tense for the sake of heightened vividness, thereby transporting their readers in imagination to the actual scene at the time of occurence. However, the translators felt that it would be wise to change these historical presents to English past tenses.
1 I.e. the Messiah
a Matt 1:16; 16:20; John 11:27
b Matt 4:3
c Ps 42:2; Matt 26:63; Acts 14:15; Rom 9:26; 2 Cor 3:3; 6:16; 1 Thess 1:9; 1 Tim 3:15; 4:10; Heb 3:12; 9:14; 10:31; 12:22; Rev 7:2
a John 1:42; 21:15–17
1 I.e. son of Jonah
b 1 Cor 15:50; Gal 1:16; Eph 6:12; Heb 2:14
1 Gr Petros, a stone
a Matt 4:18
2 Gr petra, large rock; bed-rock
b Matt 11:23
a Is 22:22; Rev 1:18; 3:7
b Matt 18:18; John 20:23
1 Gr estai dedemenon, fut. pft. pass.
2 Gr estai lelumenon, fut. pft. pass.
a Matt 8:4; Mark 8:30; Luke 9:21
1 Or strictly admonished
2 I.e. the Messiah
b Matt 1:16; 16:16; John 11:27
[10] New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). LaHabra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.
a 1 Cor 12:4ff; Eph 2:16, 18
b Eph 1:18
a 1 Cor 8:6
a Rom 11:36
[11] New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). LaHabra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.
h  Jn 11:41
i  See Mt 26:18
j  Jn 12:23; 13:31, 32
k  See Mt 28:18
l  See Mt 25:46
m  ver 6, 9, 24; Da 7:14; Jn 6:37, 39
n  See Php 3:8
o  ver 8, 18, 21, 23, 25; See Jn 3:17
p  Jn 13:31
q  See Jn 19:30
r  ver 1
s  Php 2:6
t  See Jn 1:2
a  Greek your name
u  ver 26; Jn 1:18
v  See ver 2
w  ver 14, 26; See Jn 14:24
x  See Jn 13:3
y  ver 3, 18, 21, 23, 25; See Jn 3:17
z  Lk 22:32
a  See ver 2
b  Jn 16:15
c  Jn 13:1
d  ver 13; Jn 7:33
b  Or Father, keep them faithful to
e  ver 21–23; Ps 133:1
f  Jn 10:30
c  Or kept them faithful to
g  See Jn 6:39
h  Jn 6:70
i  See Mt 1:22
j  ver 11
k  See Jn 3:29
l  Jn 15:19
m  ver 16; Jn 8:23
n  See Mt 5:37
o  ver 14
d  Or them to live in accordance with
p  See Jn 15:3; 2 Sa 7:28; 1 Ki 17:24
q  ver 3, 8, 21, 23, 25; See Jn 3:17
r  Jn 20:21
s  ver 17
t  Jer 32:39
u  ver 11; Jn 10:38
v  ver 3, 8, 18, 23, 25; See Jn 3:17
w  Jn 1:14
x  See Jn 14:20
y  ver 3, 8, 18, 21, 25; See Jn 3:17
z  Jn 16:27
a  See ver 2
b  See Jn 12:26
c  Jn 1:14
d  ver 5; See Mt 25:34; See Jn 1:2
e  Jn 15:21; 16:3
f  ver 3, 8, 18, 21, 23; See Jn 3:17; 16:27
e  Greek your name
g  ver 6
h  Jn 15:9
[12]  The New International Version. 2011. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.
[13] The word “church” is in parentheses for a reason: the word “church” is not found in the original languages. While it the word used, “ekklesia” or in some cases “sunagōgē” or what we get our word synagogue from, it is more correctly transliterated as “assembly” or “assemblies”; but for our purposes church will suffice as it is the form we have become used to. Do an internet search on the origins of the word church for a fuller understanding, but please, be respectful and search so that you can know the truth, not for the purpose of bashing others with it.

1 Dan 11:35, 37–38; John 16:13; 2Thes 2:3; Dan 11:35, 37–38, 2Tim 3:1, 13; 1Peter 1:20; 2Peter 2:1; 3:3; 1John 2:18; Jude 1:4, 18, 37–38, 2Tim 3:1, 13; Rev 9:20; 16:14
2 Matt 7:15; Rom 16:18; Eph 4:19; 2Peter 2:3
[14]International standard version New Testament : Version 1.1. 2000 (Print on Demand ed.) (1 Ti 4:1). Yorba Linda, CA: The Learning Foundation.
8  Gen 3:15; Matt 13:38; Lk 10:18; John 8:44; 16:11; Heb 2:14
[15]  International standard version New Testament : Version 1.1. 2000 (Print on Demand ed.). Yorba Linda, CA: The Learning Foundation.

[16]The Holy Bible : King James Version. 1995 (electronic ed. of the 1769 edition of the 1611 Authorized Version.) (Mt 5:17-19). Bellingham WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc.
[17]The Holy Bible : King James Version. 1995 (electronic ed. of the 1769 edition of the 1611 Authorized Version.) (Ps 138:1-2). Bellingham WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc.
[18] From the article: You have exalted Your word above all Your name;  see at http://www.letusreason.org/Doct42.htm
a  Is 40:26
b  Ps 34:18; Is 57:15; Matt 5:3, 4; Luke 18:13, 14
c  Ps 119:120; Is 66:5
[19]  New American Standard Bible : 1995 update. 1995. LaHabra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.

a 1 Kin 4:32
a Prov 10:32
b Prov 22:20, 21
a Prov 1:6; 22:17; Eccl 7:5; 10:12
b Acts 2:37
1 Lit planted
c Ezra 9:8; Is 22:23
1 Lit making
a 1 Kin 4:32
b Eccl 1:18
a Eccl 3:14; 5:7; 7:18; 8:12
b Deut 4:2; Eccl 8:5
c Deut 10:12; Mic 6:8
a Eccl 3:17; 11:9; Matt 10:26; Rom 2:16; 1 Cor 4:5
[20]New American Standard Bible : 1995 update. 1995 (Ec 12:9-14). LaHabra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.
 Ec 12:13, 14—Solomon had been on a long journey “under the sun” (see the note on Eccl. 1:2). The journey was a life of futility and emptiness. Now, at the conclusion, the Preacher puts all his words into a proper perspective. All the things done for selfish gain are unimportant, pointless, and futile because they are all secondary. The primary focus of man should be to “fear God and keep His commandments.” This is the only proper course for the believer to follow that is God-ordained. The Preacher continues by stating that God will eventually evaluate all the deeds that are done in order to reveal the motives behind them. All will be brought before Him, even the things done in secret. This evaluation will be based on obedience to the commandments that He has given as a guide for the believer’s life.